Berlin ist eine Stadt der Neuerfindungen auf allen Ebenen – die Menschen kommen hierher, um sich neu zu erfinden, und die Stadt selbst erfindet sich immer wieder neu. Mit einem ständigen Zustrom von Menschen, die jedes Jahr nach Berlin kommen, um die reiche Geschichte, die vielen Partys oder einfach die politische Sicherheit zu entdecken, könnte die Zukunft der Stadt in viele Richtungen gehen. Wird der Wohnungsmarkt noch härter umkämpft sein? Wird die Stadt Wege finden, um umweltfreundlicher zu werden? Wird das Coronavirus die Stadt zur Stagnation zwingen oder wird die Kreativität weiter aufblühen? Im Moment scheint Berlin am Rande einer weiteren Phase der Neuerfindung zu stehen.

100 Jahre Berlin – unvollendete Metropole, eine kostenlose Ausstellung im Kronprinzenpalais, die noch bis Februar 2021 geöffnet ist, derzeit jedoch wegen dem Lockdown pausiert, versucht, einige dieser Fragen zu beantworten, indem sie einen Blick auf das vergangene Jahrhundert wirft. Unvollendete Metropole feiert den hundertsten Jahrestag des Konglomerats Berlin und fordert den Besucher auf, sich mit der Vergangenheit auseinanderzusetzen, um nach vorne zu blicken. Die Ausstellung gibt einen Rückblick auf die städtebaulichen Erfolge und Misserfolge der letzten 100 Jahre in Berlin und zeigt auch die Siegerbeiträge des Internationalen Städtebaulichen Ideenwettbewerbs Berlin-Brandenburg 2070. Diese Beiträge geben eine Vorstellung davon, wie die Stadt in 50 Jahren aussehen könnte. Hier ist, was diese Gewinnerbeiträge vorschlagen:

Berlin and Brandenburg Growing Together

 

The first-place proposal plans for areas of Berlin and Brandenburg to grow within their borders. Keeping sustainability in mind, the cities would then be connected not through motorways, but public transportation networks to increase mobility between these internally expanding areas. In addition to growing from within, the proposal suggests that the city expands around new railway lines. The two example areas the proposal puts forward are between Südkreuz and Tempelhofer Feld (in Berlin) and Bernau (in Brandenburg). In the future, we can expect to see these two areas develop and become hot new real estate by 2070.

 

Bernd Albers Gesellschaft von Architekten mbH, Vogt Landschaft GmbH, Arup Deutschland GmbH

 

 

Old Space, New Use

 

Berlin already has a tendency to reuse old buildings: factories transform into clubs, Tempelhof is now a park, even Badeschiff was once a massive shipping container. This trend will likely continue in the coming years, the winning proposal also plans to for “densification and special optimization”—this means reviving the spaces already available to us. In line with the previous plan, the proposal calls for the development of vacant lots and brownfield sites within the city instead of outwards expansion. We can expect to see fewer demolitions and more renovations in the coming years. Do you know that one empty spot you walk by to get to the train every morning? It won’t be empty by 2070.

 

Jordi & Keller Architekten / Pellnitz Architektur und Städtebau (Berlin), Christina Kautz Landschaftsarchitektur, Ludwig Krause Stadtplaner

 

 

 

Brandenburg will be Cool

 

Dorfkinder rejoice! Many of the winning proposals include plans to develop Brandenburg in order to connect it with Berlin. This doesn’t only include building new housing complexes and maybe a few beer gardens but also ecologically developing land to produce a productive environment to increase sustainability and economic value. The project proposes a “transition zone” between urban and rural areas of sustainably developed land. This means in 2070 we’ll be heading out to Brandenburg for day trips or nights out and passing through green zones on the way.

 

Kopperroth / SMAQ / Alex Wall (Berlin und Cambridge, USA), Dipl.-Ing. Stefan Tischer, freischaffender Landschaftsarchitekt, Office MMK – Urban Technologies

 

More Water!

 

Although it is impossible to predict the future in social, cultural, or economic terms, science can tell us very clearly that our planet is warming. In the coming years, both Berlin and Brandenburg will get hotter because of global climate change. The fourth-place proposal plans to expand Berlin and Brandenburg’s waterways, canals, and lakes to keep the area cool and preserve the high quality of life. One of these specific propositions is to create a new neighborhood between the Spree and Landwehr canal (the area encompassing Heinrich-Heine Straße and Kotti) and even connect the two waterways. This area would be completely free of cars and full of parks and canals—sounds like prime real estate to me.

 

Thomas Stellmach Planning and Architecture / fabulism GbR (Berlin), Lysann Schmidt Landschaftsarchitektur, Melissa Gómez (Beraterin für nachhaltige Mobilität und urbane Innovation), Marcus Andreas (Berater für Nachhaltigkeit), Florian Strange (Berater für Urbanismus & Design Prozesse)

 

Even More City Centers

 

Berlin is already known for its plethora of “downtowns,” (Is it Alexanderplatz? Kuddam? Mitte?) but the fifth-place proposal plans for even more city centers. The “Urban Islands” project suggests that we build cities within cities—in order to relieve competition and tension between city centers and the surrounding areas. Each neighborhood would have its own little city center constituting an “urban archipelago.”

 

Pedro Pitarch (Madrid)

 

Although it’s impossible to envision where we’ll be in 50 years, both on an individual and societal level, the International Urban Design Ideas Competition gives us a pretty good idea of where our city is going. We can expect to see innovative businesses appearing in old buildings, more parks, green spaces, and waterways, and maybe even, we’ll all want to move to Brandenburg. By 2070, Berlin will have reinvented itself again—a whole new city awaits us.

Read this article in English.

Adri
by
on November 4th, 2020
updated on November 9th, 2020
in Stories